Today, cyberspace is where new forms of criminality are being exploited; and cyberspace has become the economic and military battlefield where conflicts of all kinds are played out. The ability to control information and telecommunication infrastructure, to respond to cyberattacks and to ensure cybersecurity offers real power and has become one of the most significant political, economic and technological issues of this twenty-first century. Information and communication technologies (ICT) have grown to become a critical part of our society’s infrastructure, and their potential misuse affects us all, from the individual citizen to private and public organizations and states. thus cyberpower has become the newest means for organisations – both legitimate and criminal – to demonstrate their capabilities.
The technological explosion is nowadays forcing organizations to change their structures and ways of operating. The use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), their role and importance are increasing daily. Technology is becoming the main factor for productivity growth and the competitiveness of organizations, and it often also allows effective cost reductions. An organization’s communication center and information systems have thus become increasingly important as they are increasingly depended upon. A malfunction of the ICT infrastructure can paralyse the whole organization and might have disastrous consequences for the company at many levels (financial, reputational, etc.).